Thyroid Disorder- Types And Symptoms

The Thyroid Disorder is a tiny butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck just below the Adam’s apple. The thyroid can’t be felt under the skin when it’s working properly. The thyroid is located around the windpipe thus generates hormones that control the body’s metabolism, growth, and development.

Thyroid hormones are release into the bloodstream on a regular basis, depending on the condition and surroundings. They are released in varying degrees when it is too cold outside or when a woman is pregnant, to name a few examples. Thyroid hormones aid in digestion, adrenaline production, brain growth and maturation, food digestion, and pulse regulation.

Thyroid Disorders- Types And Symptoms


The thyroid gland is hyperactive in hyperthyroidism as It produces an excessive amount of its hormone. About 1% of women suffer with hyperthyroidism. Men are less likely to have it.
Graves’ disease, which affects around 70% of patients with an overactive thyroid, is the most frequent cause of hyperthyroidism. Thyroid nodules, commonly known as toxic nodular goiter or multinodular goiter, can cause the disorder.


Hypothyroidism is the polar opposite of hyperthyroidism  The thyroid gland is underactive, and it is unable to produce sufficient amounts of hormones.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, thyroid surgery, or radiation treatment damage are all common causes of hypothyroidism. It affects about 4.6 percent of people aged 12 and up in the United States. Hypothyroidism affects the majority of people at some point in their lives.

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules are lumps on the thyroid gland. They are fairly common and might appear alone or in groups.

Thyroid nodules are present in nearly half of all adults over the age of 60, according to the American Thyroid Association. The vast majority of thyroid nodules, on the other hand, are completely harmless.


Goiter can afflict people of all ages, especially in places of the world where iodine-rich foods are scarce. Goiters, on the other hand, are more common beyond the age of 40 and in women, who are more prone to thyroid problems. Family medical history, the use of certain medications, pregnancy, and radiation exposure are all risk factors.

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer does not have a known etiology. However, it occurs when thyroid cells develop fast and do not die due to a genetic mutation. Thyroid tissue produces an abnormal cluster around the windpipe as a result of this. Thyroid cancer is generally curable with medication and surgery. There are, however, a few types of thyroid cancer that are extremely aggressive and cause rapid death.

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