Hypothyroidism is a disorder in which the thyroid produces and releases insufficient thyroid hormone into the bloodstream. Your metabolism will slow as a result of this Hypothyroidism, also known as an underactive thyroid, causes fatigue, weight gain, and an inability to tolerate cold temperatures. Hormone replacement therapy is the most common treatment for hypothyroidism.
What is Hypothyroidism?
When your body does not create enough thyroid hormones, hypothyroidism develops. The thyroid gland is located at the front of the neck as a result It secretes hormones that assist your body in regulating and utilizing energy. Your thyroid is in charge of supplying energy to nearly all of your body’s organs as a result it regulates things like how fast your heart beats and how well your digestive system works.
People of various ages, genders, and races can be affected by hypothyroidism. It’s a prevalent ailment, especially among women over 60 as Hypothyroidism is more common in women after menopause than it is earlier in life.
Hypothyroidism can be caused by either a core or secondary cause. A disorder that directly affects the thyroid and causes it to produce low quantities of thyroid hormones is a key reason. Something that causes the pituitary gland to fail, which means it can’t deliver thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) to the thyroid to balance out the thyroid hormones, is a secondary reason.
Numbness and tingling sensations in your hands.
suffering from constipation.
Putting on weight.
You’re feeling sore all throughout your body
Having blood cholesterol levels that are higher than normal.
feeling a bit down.
Hard time coping with chilly weather.
Having skin and hair that is dry and coarse.
Having a decline in sexual desire.
If you have Turner syndrome or autoimmune disorders like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, thus you’re at a higher risk of getting a thyroid issue.
People with a family history of thyroid disease and those over 60 years old are more likely to develop hypothyroidism.
It most typically affects women in their forties and fifties, though it can strike at any age.
Autoimmune illness – The immune system, which guards the organ from invading germs, can mistake thyroid gland cells & enzymes for invaders in certain people’s bodies and attack them. The thyroid cells and enzymes are then insufficient to produce enough thyroid hormone. Women are more likely than men to experience this. Autoimmune thyroiditis can strike suddenly or develop gradually over time.
The thyroid gland is surgically removed in part or in its entirety. Thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and Graves’ disease may necessitate the removal of part or all of the thyroid. People will become hypothyroid if their entire thyroid is removed hence if a portion of the gland is preserved, it may be able to produce enough thyroid hormone to maintain normal blood levels.
- Hashimoto’s disease
- thyroiditis, or inflammation of the thyroid
- congenital hypothyroidism, or hypothyroidism that is present at birth
- surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid
- radiation treatment of the thyroid
- some medicines