Effect of Diabetes On Pregnancy

Women who have diabetes before becoming pregnant face specific health risks. A pregnancy will influence your blood sugar levels and diabetic medications, in addition to the increased demands that it will place on your body.

If you’re thinking about having a child, take precautions to protect yourself and your child. While any pregnancy issue is alarming, there is some positive news. Pregnant women can help control gestational diabetes by consuming healthy meals, exercising, and taking medication. Blood sugar control can help you and your baby stay healthy and avoid a traumatic birth. Blood sugar levels in women with gestational diabetes normally return to normal shortly after birth. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you’re more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Blood sugar levels will need to be checked more frequently.

Effect of Diabetes On Pregnancy

Risk Factor for Diabetes On Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes is more common in some women. The following are some of the risk factors for gestational diabetes:

  • Over the age of 25
  • Previous pregnancies with gestational diabetes
  • Obesity and being overweigh
  • Diabetes runs in the family.
  • Have given birth to a huge child

Impact on Baby

According to CDC A high-risk pregnancy is cause by diabetes. This is because diabetes can have a variety of harmful consequences for both the mother and the baby. Blood sugar is the newborn’s main source of nutrition, and it travels from the mother to the baby via the placenta.

Excess sugar is transferred to the infant when a mother has diabetes and her blood sugars are poorly managed (too high). Because the newborn does not have diabetes, he or she is able to significantly increase insulin production in order to use the excess sugar. Several issues can arise as a result of this aberrant cycle of events, including:

  • Macrosomia (large baby)
  • Neonatal Hypoglycemia
  • Serious breathing difficulties
  • Obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life
  • Stillbirth

Type 2 diabetes runs in families, and offspring may be at a higher risk of having the disease as adults. Children with mothers who have Type 1 diabetes have a less than 5% probability of having diabetes as adults. In fact, if the baby’s father has Type 1 diabetes, the baby is at a higher risk.

Effects of Diabetes on the Mother

Women with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are at risk for a variety of issues, some of which are unique to pregnancy and others that are related to their diabetes. All of these issues are more likely in women who have trouble controlling their blood sugar.

Women with Type 1 diabetes who have had it for a long time and have had it poorly maintained during pregnancy and already have major vascular issues. Vascular problems are less likely in women who have had a pregnancy complicated by Gestational Diabetes or who have just been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. They have a higher chance of fetal macrosomia (a huge baby), cesarean birth, and developing high blood pressure problems during pregnancy.

Our Specialist Gynecologist & Obstetrician are highly trained and offer the most advanced testing and treatment options for Normal & high-risk pregnancy .Call HMC Medical Center at +971 4 566 8336 to learn more or schedule an appointment

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